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Tuesday, February 25 de 2014

National Green Growth Strategy

Introduction

The concept of “green growth” refers to the practice of encouraging economic growth
and development while ensuring that ecosystems remain in place and providing the services
upon which social welfare depends over time. With this goal in mind, investment and innovation
should be encouraged, as they will lay the foundation for sustained growth by generating
new economic opportunities (OECD 2011b). This strategy for growth was adopted by the
Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) in the Declaration on Green
Growth, which was issued in June 2009 and signed by ministers from 30 member states and
four candidate states, including Chile.

With its official entry into the OECD in May 2010, Chile reiterated its commitment to the
Green Growth Strategy. The Ministry of Finance and Ministry of the Environment jointly developed
this Green Growth Strategy for Chile in order to promote economic growth while protecting
the environment, creating jobs, and encouraging social equity. This strategy proposes
that in order to adequately ensure that risks to the population’s health are reduced, improve
the quality of life and protect the country’s environmental heritage, there is a need to strengthen
existing environmental management instruments, design new instruments, follow the
best regulatory practices at the international level that allow for efficient regulations, and
encourage the creation of a national market of environmental goods and services.

It is important to note that, as the OECD has stated, in the context of a transition to a
greener economy, the policies and strategies utilized should be designed in accordance with
the country’s circumstances. In this sense, Chile has initiated a process of moving towards
green growth over the past few years, incorporating actions that generate incentives for
achieving changes in patterns of consumption and production in the context of sustainable
development. In addition, it has promoted efforts in the areas of innovation, technology and
environmentally friendly production processes. Following the road that it has begun to take,
this strategy involves three strategic axes: the internalization of environmental externalities
through the implementation of environmental management instruments, the promotion of
the environmental goods and services market and the monitoring and measuring of the strategy.

In order to implement these axes, the following lines of action have been proposed:

i) implementation of environmental management instruments (command and control instruments,
economic and complementary instruments and sectoral sustainability strategies)

ii) development of the national market of environmental goods and services (eco innovation
and entrepreneurship, green employment and training) and

iii) monitoring and measuring the strategy through green growth indicators, environmental behavior indicators and wellbeing
indicator. The strategy also involves monitoring and measurement of the strategy through
green growth indicators, environmental behavior of the populace, and wellbeing. This will
strengthen the active role of the public sector in the areas of sustainability. The State must
fulfill its responsibility in implementing necessary measures to protect the environment, in a
preventive and corrective way.

The strategy outlines and proposes a set of actions to be implemented over the short-term
(2014), medium-term (2018) and long-term (2022). The following pages explain the strategy
as follows: after presenting the context and institutional framework, the principles of the strategy
are presented in the third chapter. The fourth chapter sets out the vision and objectives
of the strategy and chapter five contains a description of the lines of action. It is important
to notice that most of the lines of action included in this Strategy held a public participation
process and were formalized through administrative acts, if required, while others are still
under discussion. Finally, the sixth chapter deals with the monitoring and measurement of the
Strategy and the seventh chapter specifies the implementation program.


 

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