Sustainable bonds are debt instruments that the Ministry of Finance issues as part of its regular financing strategy, characterized by financing or refinancing green, social or both projects, in accordance with the established by the document "Sustainable Bond Framework". The purpose of this document is to describe the guidelines for Chile's Social, Green and Sustainable Bonds, based on the country's general climate change strategy and social policies. The Framework establishes the obligations that the government, through its Public Debt Office (Ministry of Finance), fulfills as an issuer.Permalink
The Sustainable Bond Framework of the Republic of Chile establishes 6 categories of green eligible expenses, these are: (1) Clean Transportation, (2) Energy Efficiency, (3) Renewable Energy, (4) Living natural resources, Land use and Protected Marine Areas, (5) Efficient and climate resilient Water Management and (6) Green Buildings.
Likewise, it establishes 9 categories of eligible social expenses, these are: (1) Support for the elderly or people with special needs in vulnerable situation, (2) Support for low-income families, (3) Support for human rights victims, (4) Support for the community through job creation, (5) Access to affordable housing, (6) Access to education, (7) Food security, (8) Access to essential health services and (9) Social programs designed to prevent and/or alleviate unemployment derived from socioeconomic crisis, including through the potential effect of financing SMEs and micro finances.
It should be noted that each of these categories has specific requirements clearly defined in the Framework.Permalink
In September of 2015, along with 193 member countries of the United Nations (UN), Chile adopted the 2030 Sustainable Development Agenda, an action plan on behalf of the people, the planet and prosperity, aimed at strengthening universal peace within a broader concept of liberty. Chile made the commitment to advance the 17 goals included in this Agenda, with an emphasis in the social realm on poverty, zero hunger, gender equality, quality education and reduction of inequalities. In 2019, Chile presented its second Voluntary National Report on the 2030 Sustainable Development Agenda.
Chile has a strong commitment to climate change mitigation, adaptation and the protection of the environment. This is demonstrated by the ratification of the Paris Agreement of February 2017, through the Supreme Decree Nº 30 of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs. Chile has committed through its National Determined Contributions (NDC) in reducing its CO2 emissions to 30% of GDP by 2030, regarding 2007 levels. Also, Chile is currently updating its commitments to a more ambitious NDCs, in response to higher scientific demands to avoid surpassing the increase of 1.5ºC by the mid-century.
Among the local initiatives for sustainable development, is important to note that the Minister of Finance, Mr. Rodrigo Cerda, currently co-chairs the Coalition of Finance Ministers for Climate Action, in which more than 50 countries currently participate. In addition, Chile is currently leading the Conference of Parties (COP25) of the United Nations during this whole year, which reflects its strong climate commitment. All of this is backed by concrete actions, such as the agreement between the Ministry of Energy and the most relevant actors of the national energy sector to decarbonize the electric matrix, as well as the creation of the Public-Private Green Finance Roundtable between the Government, regulators and the financial sector, in order to develop a long-term agenda to identify and incorporate risks and opportunities related to climate change in the decision-making process.Permalink
The Framework and the Reports are reviewed by external institutions whose opinion is published together with the documents. In the case of the Framework, Vigeo Eiris delivered a second-party opinion favorable to the issuance, as well as the consulting firm EQA published a limited guarantee report for the resource allocation report published in 2020. Likewise, the portfolio of green projects associate to the issuance of these bonds has been certified by the Climate Bonds Initiative (CBI) according to its standards. These documents can be found in the links below:
Second Party Opinion – Vigeo Eiris
Limited Assurance Report – EQA (page 39)
Certificate – CBIPermalink
The Framework explicitly contributes to 14 of the 17 SDGs with the definition of eligible categories to be financed through the issuance of Sustainable Bonds.
Each of the green sectors mentioned in the Framework document aligns with different objectives. The Clean Transportation sector contributes to the objectives of: Good Health and Well Being (Nº3); Sustainable Cities and Communities (Nº11); and Climate Action (Nº13). The Energy Efficiency sector contributes to the objectives: Affordable and Clean Energy (Nº7); Nº11 and Nº13. The Renewable Energy sector contributes to the objectives: Nº 7; Industry, Innovation and Infrastructure (Nº9); and Nº 13. The Biodiversity and Marine Resources Conservation sector contributes to the objectives: No. 3; No. 13; Life Below Water (Nº14); and Life and Land (Nº15). The Water Management sector contributes to the objectives: Clean Water and Sanitation (Nº6); and Nº9. Finally, the Green Buildings sector contributes to the objectives: Nº9; No. 11; and Nº13.
The sector Support to vulnerable older adults, contributes to the SDGs End Poverty (Nº1) and Reduced Inequalities (Nº10); the sector Support for low-income families contributes to Nº1 and Nº10; Community support through job creation contributes to the Decent Work and Economic Growth objective (Nº8); the sector Support to victims of human rights to Nº10; the Access to basic housing sector contributes to Nº 11; the Access to education sector contributes to the Quality Education objective (Nº4) and Nº10; the Food Security sector to the Zero Hunger target (Nº2); the sector Access to essential health services to the objective Nº 3 and, finally, the sector Programs designed to prevent and / or alleviate the effects derived from socioeconomic crises, including through the potential effect of financing SMEs and micro-finance contributes to SDGs Nº 1 and Nº 8.
It should be noted that each of these categories has specific requirements clearly defined in the Framework document.
For more information on the alignment of the Framework, visit:
For more information on the Sustainable Development Goals, visit:
Chile ratified the Paris Agreement in February 2017, through Supreme Decree No. 30 of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, and presented its Tentative National Contribution (INDC) to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change in September 2015. In April 2020 and in response to the requirements of the Paris Agreement to update commitments every five years, Chile formally presented the update of its Nationally Determined Contribution (NDC). This milestone makes it one of the first countries in the world to update their climate action commitments. The updated NDC also responds to the greater requirements of the scientific community and includes commitments in five areas: i) social pillar of just transition and sustainable development, ii) mitigation, iii) adaptation, iv) integration, and v) means of implementation.
In terms of mitigation, Chile undertook to replace the previous emissions intensity indicator with an unconditional absolute indicator, with a target to reach 95 MtCO2eq by 2030, a maximum emission (peak year) by 2025 and a carbon budget that does not overcome 1,100 MtCO2eq for the period 2020-2030.Permalink
The Ministry of the Environment, through the Office of Climate Change, is leading the process of drafting the Framework Law on Climate Change, through a broad multisectoral process, in order to gather the vision and experience of key players from diverse parts of Chilean society.
This law, that was entered into the Congress in January 2020, seeks to establish the principles, governance system, management process and adequate financing mechanisms to allow for the transition to a low-carbon future, while reducing vulnerability, increasing resilience and complying with Chile’s international commitments to addressing climate change.
Prior to the issuance of each sustainable bond, a document will be published in the Sustainable Bond section of the Ministry of Finance website, providing the details of the projects included in each issuance with all of the relevant information. For more information, visit:Permalink
The Ministry of Finance will provide an Allocation Report, an Eligibility Report and an Impact Report, for all bonds issued under this Framework, being responsible for their consolidation. This information will be published on the Ministry's website in April each year, at the following link:
The information published will be subject to the availability of the fiscal accounts. The first report was published in 2020, corresponding to issuances of 2019.
The "Sustainable Building Certification" (SBD) is a national system that evaluates, qualifies and certifies the environmental performance of public buildings in Chile. This evaluation system covers both new and existing buildings, for administrative, public or private use.
It is based on compliance with a set of mandatory and voluntary requirements that provide a final score. To be certified a building must comply with the mandatory requirements and achieve at least 30 points. The maximum score is 100.
The system was developed by the Chilean Construction Institute (Instituto de la Construcción) with the support and formal participation of 13 public and private institutions, gathered with the objective of encouraging the design and construction of buildings with sustainability criteria, and stimulating the market to value this type of building.
SBD is supported by the Ministry of Public Works, the Chilean Chamber of Construction, the College of Architects of Chile and the Construction Institute, which acts as an administrative entity.
For more information, visit: http://www.certificacionsustentable.cl/
The energy market in Chile is regulated by the Ministry of Energy, which has successfully led the incentivization and promotion of clean energy. Reflecting this, the installed energy capacity of renewable energy in the in the country has increased from 2% in 2013 to 26% in 2020. The majority of investments in the energy sector are carried out by private capital. Therefore, in comparison to other sectors, direct investment by the State is smaller in this sector. Nonetheless, Chile believes that the change in regulation, by restricting the use of fossil fuels and incentivizing renewable energy will drive the private sector to increase the share of renewable energy generation in the Chilean energy mix.
Chile's commitment to act against climate change reflects the increasing importance the public places on this issue. As shown by the National Environmental Survey, published by the Ministry of the Environment, 96% of the population agrees that taking action to care for the environment is a moral duty and the “Environment” theme moved up two spots to third in 2017, compared to fifth 2016. To view the survey results, visit: